Mesothelioma lung cancer is a tumor that is developed in the layers of lungs. This condition is caused due to inhaled asbestos fibers which are responsible for the formation of a cardiac and lungs lining. Mesothelioma lung cancer is associated with persistent chest pain, along with breathing problems.
This condition is misdiagnosed due to mixed clinical signs and symptoms, mainly when the patients are not diagnosed in the early stages, which can lead to further complications. The mesothelium cells are affected by the mesothelioma. It involves the proliferation of cancerous tumors. The life expectancy in the majority of patients after diagnosis is one year.
Researchers are investigating various aspects of mesothelioma. Research studies have revealed that asbestos exposure is the most prevalent form of mesothelioma. However, researchers have also linked mesothelioma with smoking. Scientists are further investigating mesothelioma at the molecular level.
A recent development is that researchers have discovered potent anti-cancer potentials found in the arthropod venom. It has shown significant anti-cancer properties against various cancerous cell lines. However, further, in-depth studies are required to determine which particular components in the venom protein are causing anti-cancer effects.
Types of mesothelioma
There are four types of mesothelioma. Each type of mesothelioma is classification is based on the site of development.
This type of mesothelioma is developed on the soft tissues covering the lungs. It is the most prevalent type of mesothelioma.
This type of mesothelioma is developed on the outer lining of the abdomen. It is the second most prevalent type of mesothelioma.
Pericardial mesothelioma is developed across the heart tissue. It is the third most prevalent type of mesothelioma.
Testicular mesothelioma is developed around the testes lining. It is the 4th most prevalent type of mesothelioma.
Stage 4 mesothelioma
Stage 4 mesothelioma is the most severe stage of cancer. The cancer is very proliferative, and it can spread rapidly and extensively grow and may spread to other organs. In order to control the progression of stage 4, mesothelioma immunotherapy and chemotherapy is recommended for prolonging survival. The life expectancy at stage 4 mesothelioma is between 4 months to 12 months. It is the advanced stage of cancer, and the cells may proliferate and spread to vital organs like brain, spinal cord, lymph nodes, and prostate.
Treatment for mesothelioma lung cancer
Treatment of mesothelioma involves conventional and non-conventional methods. The procedure is suggested according to the progression of cancer.
Conventional Treatment Options
The surgical procedure is the most effective way to treat mesothelioma.
Chemotherapy is also effective, but it is only helpful to decrease the size of the tumor.
Radiation therapy is also useful in decreasing the pain resulting due to mesothelioma lung cancer. Radiation therapy can be used at any stage of cancer.
Other Treatment Options
It is an excellent way to treat cancer. It involves experimental therapies to boost immunity for fighting back cancer.
In alternative treatments, there are many therapies involved, such as herbal treatment, psychological therapies, and other healing therapies.
Mesothelioma lung cancer can be prevented by adopting effective preventive measures. Such as proper protective glasses and masks should be used during the work in order to minimize the risk of mesothelioma lung cancer. Moreover, a proper medical assessment is essential to evaluate health status. In it necessary to follow the standard operating procedures during work, and it will help to lower the risk of exposures and developing mesothelioma lung cancer. Companies should provide awareness lectures about asbestos.